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Information About Argolida History
The most ancient inhabitants of Argolida, according to mythology, are the Pelasgians. The Heroes of Pre-Hellenic past of Argolida reported are the Inachides. Inachos was the founder of dynasty and his descendants were Panoptis, Argos, Pelasgos, Myceani (according to some the name of Myceane emanates from her name), Phoroneus, who was the founder of the first cities of Argos, and last but not least the famous Io.
At the beginning of the second millennium B.C. various states were created by the Greek-Achaeans- and the local inhabitants. The greatest Achaean states created were Tiryntha and Mycenae. Around 1000B.C. the coming of the Dorians resulted in the destruction of the Mycenaean culture.
Argos continues, since the 6th century b.c., to regulate everything in Peloponnesus, witnesses to which are the ruins of Heraio and the gorgeous temple of goddess Hera. After the submission of Greece to the Romans, mostly during the Byzantine era the history of Argos is linked with the history of Nafplio.
Nafplia, which is the ancient name of Naflio, was autonomous until 676 B.C. when it became the haven of Argos. The city is known as Nafplio since 589 B.C.
The city flourished around 120 A.C.. For 100 years Nafplio remained under the administration of the Frank Dukes of Athens, De La Ross. It was then assigned to the Venetians until 1540 when, by treaty, was given to the Turkish. During the first period of Turkish occupation in Nafplio, the new martyr Saint Anastasios Nafplieas died for his faith and his memory is celebrated on February 1st every year.
The first period of the Turkish occupation ended on August 22nd, 1686 when the commander-in-chief of the Venetian forces, Francesco Morosini, after a long siege, occupied Nafplio and ordered the fortification, according to the rules of military art, of mount Palamidi in combination with Akronafplia.
The constructions of Palamidi fortress began in 1687 under his personal supervision. After the conquest of Peloponnesus he declares Nafplio the capital of the Morea Kingdom, headquarters of the General Supervisor and the Commander in Chief of the East and Capital of the Romania prefecture.
The completion of the fortification of Palamidi and especially the island of Mpourtzi were under the supervision of Augustine Sagredos, Commander-in-Chief and Ieronymous Selphinos, General Supervisor of Moreaâ€™s Kingdom.
The second period of the Turkish occupation in Nafplio began in 1715 when it devolved to the Besieger Daout Pasha and ended on November 30th, 1822 when Staikos Staikopoulos together with 350 men finally occupied Palamidi, after several failed attempts.
Since then Nafplio played a key role in the fight of independence. Argos also had its own key role in the fight. It was there that the First National Assebly took place in 1821 before relocating to New Epidaurus. Larissa had an important role in the fall of Dramalis, when Ypsilantis and 700 men remain defending the castle, until Kolokotronis assembled army and shattered the Turkish forces in Dervenakia.
On January 7th, 1828, Ioannis Kapodistrias, the first Governor of Greece, disembarked in Nafplio, who is credited with great achievements such us the first School of Evelpidon, the Agricultural School in Tiryntha, etc. He was murdered on September 24th, 1831 when he was entering the church of Saint Spyridonas.
On January 25th,1833 the first King of Greece, Othonas, also disembarked in Nafplio. Nafplio remained the capital of Greece until September 1834, when the Athens was named the new capital city of Greece.
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